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Unemployment stays low: 2014 was the best year for new jobs since 1999

Applications for unemployment benefits, used by experts as a proxy for layoffs, have fallen to a 7-week low, while new hires are up.

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    President Barack Obama smiles during a news conference at the White House, Dec. 19. The president claimed an array of successes in 2014, including lower unemployment, a rising number of Americans covered by health insurance, and an historic diplomatic opening with Cuba.
    J. Scott Applewhite/AP
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The number of Americans applying for unemployment benefits has reached its lowest level since hitting its 14-year-low in November, a sign that the US economy and job market are steadily improving.

The Labor Department said Wednesday that applications for unemployment benefits dropped 9,000 last week to a seasonally adjusted 280,000.

The four-week average, a less volatile measure, declined 8,500 to 290,250. That average has plunged 16 percent in the past 12 months.

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Applications are a proxy for layoffs. The number of people seeking jobless benefits has been at historically low levels — below 300,000 — for 14 of the past 15 weeks. That indicates that companies are retaining their workers and potentially looking to hire with the expectation that economic growth will continue.

As applications for benefits have steadily dwindled, hiring has improved. Employers added 321,000 jobs in November, the most in nearly three years. The unemployment rate held steady at 5.8 percent, down sharply from 7 percent 12 months earlier.

In the first 11 months of this year, employers have added 2.65 million jobs. That already makes 2014 the best year for hiring since 1999.

But wage growth remains sluggish. Average pay has risen just 2.1 percent over the past 12 months, only slightly better than inflation.

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