The top "state" is not a state, actually, but the nation’s capital. In Washington, women earned 90 cents to men’s $1 – $60,332 compared with $66,760.
There is greater salary transparency in the public sector, particularly in federal government occupations, says Catherine Hill, director of research at AAUW. Some 29.1 percent of workers in Washington are in the public sector, according to Gallup.
“If you are in a [general services] pay scale, you know the range that your colleagues can earn,” Ms. Hill says. “This transparency allows people to know if they aren’t being paid fairly.”