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Recession in America? 10 questions assessing the threat.

Attention, America: Those headlines about Spanish bank woes and Greek politics matter to you, not just to people across the Atlantic.

Concerns about Europe have already rattled global financial markets. The risk is that an expected recession there could be deepened by a partial breakup of the 17-nation euro currency area. Even heightened expectancy of a breakup could result in a recession jumping "across the pond" to the US.

Meanwhile, growth has cooled in China and India, and things are hardly rosy at home, where jobs numbers are tepid. So is America heading into a recession? Here are answers to 10 questions about that risk.

By , Staff writer

In a nutshell, what's the risk of a US recession in the next year?

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    A board at the New York Stock Exchange shows the closing number for the Dow Jones industrial average on June 1.
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The risk of recession is real, but most forecasters don't see it as the likeliest scenario. The United States has some forward momentum. Consumer spending has been rising modestly, the housing market shows some signs of healing, and bank credit conditions have been improving.

So even though the International Monetary Fund (IMF) expects the eurozone to experience a recession in 2012, it has pegged the US economy to grow at a 2.1 percent pace this year and 2.4 percent in 2013.

The big risk is eurozone uncertainty. If things play out badly, with Greece or other nations falling out of the monetary union, the recession there could become deeper and spill over into the global banking system – much like the collapse of Lehman Brothers deepened the financial crisis in 2008.

"Could we have a repeat of the Lehman situation? Very easily," says Tu Packard, a global economist at Moody's Analytics in West Chester, Pa. Global credit could freeze up as bankers and investors feel the fallout.

Like many other forecasters, Ms. Packard isn't expecting that dire outcome. But she says it's a real possibility. And remember, fore-casters weren't expecting the mayhem related to Lehman Brothers, either.

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