Ten economic protests that changed history

3. French revolution – 1830

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    Louis-Philippe d'Orléans leaves the Palais-Royal to go to the city hall in Paris two days after the July Revolution in this 1832 painting by Horace Vernet. He becomes King Louis-Philippe, replacing the deposed Charles X.
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Rebellions against monarchies and repressive governments occurred throughout Europe between 1830 and 1832.  The first movement began in France, prompted by King Charles X, who published a series of decrees diminishing the rights of citizens, including their right to vote and freedom of the press.

The ‘July Revolution,’ led to the overthrow of the king.  Protesters, predominately workers and students, barricaded the streets, in light of stagnating wages and chronic unemployment, and demanded a republic. Although they were overruled by the upper-middle class that established a constitutional monarchy, the revolution unified worker protests and encouraged the formation of labor organization on a national scale, according to Bernard Moss, a history professor at the Institute of European Studies in London.

Through their participation in the 1830 revolution, French workers began a lasting legacy of fighting for socialist values and ideologies that is visible in France today.

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