Immigrants gaining jobs, native-born Americans aren't
Since the recession's end in June 2009, legal and illegal immigrants posted a net gain of 656,000 jobs, while native-born Americans lost 1.2 million, says a Pew Hispanic Center report.
In the year since the official end of recesson in the United States, immigrants have seen job growth but native-born workers have continued to lose jobs.Skip to next paragraph
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The report, coming in the final days of an election campaign centered around the weak economy and job market, focuses on both the recession and its immediate aftermath. Among the top conclusions:
• In the year following the official end of the Great Recession in June 2009, foreign-born workers posted a net gain of 656,000 jobs, while native-born workers lost 1.2 million. The foreign-born category includes legal and illegal immigrants.
• As a result of immigrants' recent job gains, the unemployment rate for immigrant workers fell during this period from 9.3 percent to 8.7 percent, while for native-born workers it rose from 9.2 percent to 9.7 percent. For both groups, unemployment remains far above where it stood before the recession.
• Although immigrants have been finding employment, the poor job-market conditions have pushed average wages down. Median weekly earnings of foreign-born workers fell 4.5 percent from mid-2009 to mid-2010, compared with a decline of less than 1 percent for native-born workers.
"It might be that ... immigrants were more accepting of lower wages and reduced hours because many, especially unauthorized immigrants, are not eligible for unemployment benefits," Pew center researcher Rakesh Kochhar writes, along with co-authors of the study.
Immigrants appear to be more avid in pursuit of jobs: In the year since the recession officially ended, the share of working-age immigrants who either have jobs or are looking for work edged up from 68 percent (of all immigrants) to 68.2 percent. By contrast, native-born Americans have been dropping out of the labor force, with the participation rate falling from 65.3 percent in the middle of 2009 to 64.5 percent a year later.
The report, drawing on Census and Labor Department data, raises anew questions that are particularly sensitive because of the weak economy: Are immigrants (including many in the country illegally) reducing employment opportunities for native-born Americans? And are immigrants pushing down wage levels?