US unveils new $800 billion plan to loosen credit
The money will go to unfreeze mortgage and consumer lending.
Right now, the US Treasury and the Federal Reserve are like plumbers determined to get water flowing again through a system of clogged pipes. Each time they think they've got things working, another faucet stops up, and they have to drag out new and bigger tools to address the latest aspect of the ongoing US financial crisis.Skip to next paragraph
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In their most recent effort, the Treasury and the Fed on Tuesday unveiled a pair of programs intended to provide $800 billion to help unfreeze consumer lending. Such credit essentially came to a halt in October, according to Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, threatening already battered retail and housing markets with grave further damage.
In essence, the US government may be trying to bypass banks and get money to consumers in a somewhat more direct manner. It's just the latest surprise in a rescue effort that's had many – and will probably have more.
Under a new Fed program for consumer debt, the US government will lend up to $200 billion to financial institutions that hold securities backed by various types of consumer loans such as credit cards and auto and student loans. The goal is to provide greater demand for these securities, which in turn should make more money available to the consumer loan market, in the end leading to lower consumer interest rates.
That's the plan, anyway.
"This is aimed at increasing the availability of affordable lending," said Secretary Paulson at a briefing for reporters.
This new Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility, or TALF, will be supported by $20 billion of equity backing from the Treasury's $700 billion Troubled Asset Rescue Program, known familiarly in Washington as TARP.
He also announced a separate $600 billion effort to buy up mortgage-backed assets in an effort to get money flowing in mortgage markets again, at lower rates.
As much as $100 billion of this program will go for purchases of assets from mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Bank. The rest will be used to buy mortgage-backed securities, the now-infamous pools of mortgages – some of them shaky – that were bundled together and sold to investors.
The current financial situation is historic and unpredictable, said Paulson.
The Treasury chief added that he knows many people wish there were a single action the US government could take, or a single bill that Congress could pass, to fix the situation. But there isn't, he said.
"We're developing the programs we think will be the most effective," said Paulson.