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As price of oil soars, stock markets slump

Uncertainty over oil prices is a factor in Wall Street edginess.

By Ron SchererStaff writer of The Christian Science Monitor / June 30, 2008

New York Stock Exchange: A trader worked on the floor of the exchange last week, which saw some steep drops in stocks. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index is down 12.6 percent since the beginning of the year. Newspapers are talking about the Dow Jones Industrial Average being in a bear market.

Brendan McDermid/Reuters

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New York

Investors are finding out that oil and stocks don't mix.

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As the price of oil has soared – oil hit a new record of $142.99 per barrel last Friday – markets have slumped.

With the price of petroleum up 50 percent since the new year, the Standard & Poor's 500 index is down 12.6 percent. In the past month, the S&P has dropped 8.7 percent, the largest June decline since 1930, when the Great Depression was just starting. At the same time, the price of oil is up $13 a barrel, or 10.2 percent, for the month.

"Basically, Wall Street does not like uncertainty," says Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at S&P. "This is the first time it doesn't know something – how high the price of oil will go."

The turmoil on Wall Street and rising price of oil is coming at a time when there are renewed concerns about another sector of the economy: banking, which continues to see large write-offs from the subprime mortgage crisis. That could be helping to drive some investors from stocks into commodities, including oil, market analysts say. This, in turn, keeps the price of oil moving higher even as supply-and-demand fundamentals deteriorate.

Normally, a slide in stocks does not necessarily translate into problems on Main Street. Indeed, the economy is currently receiving some strength from consumer spending as a result of the US government's fiscal stimulus package. On Friday, the Commerce Department reported that consumer spending in May rose 0.8 percent on a nominal basis.

But newspapers are now reporting that the Dow Jones Industrial Average, a narrower measure of the stock market, is in an official bear market (a market on a downward trajectory). The Dow is down 20 percent from its peak of last October.

The prospect of a bear market could weigh on consumer and business psychology. Economists are concerned this could move the economy from a slowdown into a serious recession.

"We could be looking at a longer, deeper recession," says Fred Dickson, chief market strategist at D.A. Davidson in Lake Oswego, Ore. "Normally, the Federal Reserve would be able to step in, but after they met last Wednesday, a lot of people on Wall Street said, 'They are really hamstrung. There is not much they can do.' "

Last Wednesday, the Federal Reserve left short-term interest rates unchanged. The Fed toughened its language on inflation but did not send a clear sign it would be raising interest rates anytime soon. The Fed would normally raise interest rates to try to curtail inflation.

"What is missing now is the Fed rushing in," Mr. Dickson says. "Now, possibly the only thing that could do something about the rising price of oil is an emergency Fed meeting where they raise rates by half of a percentage point."

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