Is 2014 the year of the woman writer?
Advocates for women writers – working to counter what is seen as bias towards males in the literary community – suddenly seem to be everywhere.
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In other words, if 2013 was the year of recognizing male bias in literature, then 2014 is the year of recognizing great women writers.
That’s the trend sweeping the literary community this year, thanks to the efforts of an array of advocates – from a small literary journal declaring 2014 the year of the woman writer to a handful of authors who have created clever Twitter campaigns and adopted women-only reading resolutions – who are championing reading, reviewing, and promoting female writers.
It’s a move, and perhaps a new cultural movement, designed to counter the gaping gender gap recently revealed in the literary community.
For the past three years, Vida, an organization for women in the literary arts, has been conducting a count of how many books reviewed by prominent publications were written by women and the results have been dispiriting.
At Harper's, in 2012, 90 percent of the book reviewers were male and the publication reviewed five times as many books by male authors as by female authors.
At the New Republic, in 2012, roughly 90 percent of book reviewers were also male and the publication also reviewed five times as many books by male authors as by female.
And at the New York Review of Books, in 2012, roughly 18 percent of reviewers were women and 22 percent of books reviewed were written by women, according to Vida’s study.
Though there were bright spots – The New York Times, Poetry Magazine, and Granta did better – overall, most publications showed a significant gender bias toward male reviewers and reviews for books written by male authors.
And according to a 2011 study, that bias even extends to children’s books.
Perhaps that’s why, in 2010, author Jodi Piccoult attacked the New York Times for its focus on “white male literary darlings.”
“Women writers and writers of color are underserved and undervalued by the contemporary literary community,” Daniel Pritchard, editor of literary journal the Critical Flame, wrote in a blog post. “What we can see today are the outlines of a culture still dominated by white male figures, and by the presumption of their essential literary merit, everywhere from major publishing houses to small literary journals. As far as mainstream literary culture is concerned, white males are the default.”