Franz Kafka: 10 quotes on his birthday
Considered one of the greatest authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka, author of the classic novel "The Metamorphosis" (1912), was born on July 3, 1883 to Jewish parents of the German-speaking middle class in Prague, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic). Franz was the oldest of six siblings who were raised largely by governesses and servants because both his parents worked long hours for his father’s retail business. Always seeking to further his social mobility, Kafka’s father was a domineering and hot-tempered man. Kafka's tense relationship with him is documented in “The Judgment” (1912) and "Letter to Father" (1919). At university Kafka studied law, but, a year after graduating, Kafka took a job with flexible hours at the Worker’s Accident Insurance Institute that allowed him to focus on his writing, rather than pursuing a career in law, as his father had hoped. Kafka died in 1924, after contracting tuberculosis. Kafka’s other works include “A Hunger Artist” (1924), “In the Penal Colony” (1919), "The Trial" (1914), and "The Castle" (1922).