At least some of those suspected of a rash of sexual assaults and robberies in Cologne on New Year's Eve are asylum seekers – leading some Germans to wonder whether their country has ignored uncomfortable aspects of immigration.
A year ago, the deadly attacks on the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and a Jewish grocery were met with defiance from the French. But now, after the far worse attacks in November, the public is quieter.
In just two months, the right-wing Law and Justice party has revamped the mechanics of government, particularly by defanging Poland's Constitutional Tribunal. That has already cut the party's domestic support by 25 percent.
France's far-right National Front is expected to make large gains in the first round of regional elections Sunday. The Union of French Muslim Democrats aims to bring a moderate voice to the political stage.
Even as some confront a backlash, Muslims are noting a sense of belonging – feeling part of a society that is mourning collectively and standing behind the French government in bringing attackers to justice.