Name that national monument

Washington, D.C., is a city of monuments and memorials to people who played a big part in American history. Monitor photographer Andy Nelson shot photos of some of the most interesting ones. Click on the image to the right and see how many you recognize.

Clues are below.

1. This is a statue of an early US president. The memorial was built in the 20th century after Franklin D. Roosevelt (who was also a president) lobbied for its construction. The style of the memorial itself is derived from circular buildings designed by this person at his own home and at a university in his state.

2. A Scottish terrier is part of one president's memorial. The little black dog lived in the White House for about five years. He met many famous people and often did tricks for them. Every morning his master's breakfast tray included a bone for him.

3. These words are from the last paragraph of the second inaugural address of a president who held office in the mid-1800s. It is etched into the wall of his memorial below a mural showing an angel of truth freeing slaves.

4. It's one of America's newest memorials – opened in 2004 – and commemorates the war effort instead of just one person. Shown is one of 24 bronze bas-relief panels, set into two walls. They all emphasize what individuals did, both in the war and at home.

5. The building housing this statue is 99 feet tall. The sculpture of the president inside was made much larger than life size – 19 feet high – so it wouldn't appear too small. Many protests are held at this memorial. It's where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech.

6. This memorial was first proposed in 1799 to honor one of our first presidents, but the exterior wasn't completed until 1884 and the interior in 1888. In the late 1990s, the memorial was covered with unusual scaffolding during its renovation. The monument is more than 550 feet tall and has 897 steps to the top.

7. He was an early patriot who has been called the Father of the Bill of Rights (the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution). The Bill of Rights was based on an earlier document of rights he had written for his state. He has a university near Washington named for him.

Sources: National Park Service, FDR Library, and US Army Corps of Engineers.

Answers:

1. Thomas Jefferson Memorial

2. Fala at the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial

3. North wall of the Lincoln Memorial

4. The World War II National Memorial

5. Hand on the statue of Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln Memorial

6. Washington Monument

7. George Mason Memorial

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