High-tech child's play
Soon, experts say, the real thing may be cheaper than the plaything that is designed to mimic it.
When it comes to technology, young children are a marketer's least discerning demographic - they are largely uninterested in bandwidth, megapixels, or thread counts. But this Christmas, tech-peddlers are turning their gaze toward kids, with new lines of grown-up gadgets built for tiny hands.Skip to next paragraph
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The new and aggressive marketing strategy may have Barbie shaking in her high-heeled, separately sold boots. As prices rise and traditional toys go the way of Stretch Armstrong, parents may also find cause for concern.
"There's a shift in need in terms of what a child finds fun and entertaining," says Jim Silver, editor of the toy trade publication Toy Wishes. "A lot of that has to do with the computer age. If a 3-year-old is entertained by software, the toys that might normally entertain him might not have the same value."
The fact that factory shipments for old favorites like the Barbie franchise were down 30 percent in the run-up to Christmas signals a paradigm shift for toymakers and their diminutive customers. With more money going to complex products, experts predict a third straight year of decline for traditional toy sales. The NPD Group, a marketing and sales analysis firm, says toy revenues this year through August are down 5 percent from the same period last year.
"As the world becomes more tech-savvy, children are becoming more tech-savvy," Mr. Silver says. "Technology-based toys will continue to grow and take a larger share of the market."
The declining sales are also part of broader economic trends as rising oil prices increase shipping and manufacturing costs, driving up prices on toy shelves. The toy market, however, is typically considered recession-proof based on the simple assumption that parents will always scrape up enough cash to buy at least a few toys for their children.
The real economic trend behind changing tastes for toys, market analysts say, is the precipitous decline in the price of electronics. Low-cost technology has turned items that once cost hundreds of dollars a few years ago into kids' stuff. For example, Hasbro's VCam Now gives kids a digital video camera experience for $79. So whereas toys have always imitated grown-up items, low prices have led to the creation of fully-functioning, lower-quality replicas of adult electronics. Sean McGowan, a toy market analyst for Harris Nesbitt, calls the phenomenon "the juvenilization of electronics."
"Traditional play may be in decline," Mr. McGowan says. "Toys mimic what children see in real life. As we look around the house, everything is getting consistently tech-driven."
While traditional adult gadgets are fertile ground for "juvenilization," you're still unlikely to see "Baby's First Spreadsheet Application" on store shelves. Toys will be toys, and most items this season will maintain the requisite whimsy. But despite the introduction of some interesting and inspiring new electronic playthings, some parents and child psychologists question the wisdom behind high-tech play.
"A growing concern of the preschool teachers that I'm talking to is that children are coming to preschool not even knowing how to play," says Susan Linn, a psychiatry instructor at Harvard Medical School and author of "Consuming Kids: Protecting Our Children From the Onslaught of Marketing and Advertising." "To really benefit children, a toy should be 90 percent child and 10 percent toy."
Concern that children who are not exposed to technology at an early age will be left behind are unfounded, Linn says. In fact, she cites "mounting evidence" that a significant amount of time spent in front of a screen - whether watching TV, playing video games, or even participating in educational software - is contributing to attention deficit disorder, obesity, bullying, and even poor standardized test scores.
"What's going on is what the industry calls 'aspirational marketing.' They exploit the fact that children want to be like older kids," Linn says. "If you're 12, you're being marketed products for 18-year-olds. And if you're 6, you're being marketed products for 12-year-olds. Younger and younger kids are being marketed products more intensively."
Some psychologists say today's children are essentially the same as they were a century ago. John Cerio, professor of psychology at Alfred University in New York and a practicing child psychologist, says several studies show that technology has done nothing to improve children's learning capabilities.