The book report bounces back
Getting middle school kids to read for fun is no small task, and traditional methods are being rethought.
Book reports have historically been the kind of assignment to get through as quickly as possible.Skip to next paragraph
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Especially at the middle school level, the book review's cut-and-dried content tended to include plot summary, character outline, and number of pages. Writing a book review was almost a punishment for reading.
But the grim status of the book report is fading fast.
"When I read a book as an adult, I don't write a book report," says Maida Finch, a sixth-grade teacher at Hill Middle School in Denver. "I might talk to a friend about the details, or recommend it to a colleague."
So Ms. Finch's students, who cross the economic and ethnic spectrum, might write "reading letters" to her each week. They still must summarize what they've read, but to engage them further, Finch asks them to describe the reading strategies they've used (i.e. asking questions or making predictions about the story), and the author's writing style. Finch then writes back to the students.
It's all part of the Studio Course in reading, adopted this year by the Denver Public Schools and being phased in systemwide.
"This [approach] is much more realistic," Finch says.
The students still use the skills required in the past - writing complete sentences, distilling plot - but they go further, reflecting on a book. What does it make them think or feel? What predictions about the character did they make while reading it, and were they right? How meaningful are details, like the color of a dress, bring to a story? Does dialogue tell a story better than the descriptive writing?
"That's much better for a student than just regurgitating the plot," Finch says.
Denver's approach is one of many ways teachers are encouraging middle school students to simultaneously read and reflect - instead of read and regurgitate.
Reading groups have blossomed throughout society at large, thanks in part to Oprah Winfrey and the continuing phenomenon of Oprah's Book Club.
In Minneapolis, Barton Open School uses literature circles, where students join in groups of four or five to read a book.
Other middle schools encourage students to do reports using video and/or computer PowerPoint presentations.
"Students need to make connections to the story and the author's words," says Ann Teberg, an associate professor of education at Whitworth College in Spokane, Wash., and the editor of "Middle School Matters" for the International Reading Association.
"Encouraging a variety of responses [to a book] pushes students to write for a variety of purposes and even for a variety of audiences," she says. "Teachers can stretch the students to really put some effort into it. And the 'new' responses to books are much more fun to listen to."
In Amber Place's classroom at Barton Open School, students have a "voice and choice" in literature circles that began earlier this year.
Seventh- and eighth-graders (classes are mixed) pick from a list of about five to eight books, and are assigned to reading circles based on their selections.
The students rotate "jobs" during four discussion days - that of vocabulary enricher, passage picker, discussion director, summarizer, and illustrator. The person in each role brings important elements to the discussions.
"If they're reading a book about the Holocaust, there might be German words, or in 'Monster' by Walter Dean Meyers there is a lot of slang, for example," Ms. Place says. "The vocabulary enricher writes down the words and discusses them with the circle."
"We want good, fat questions," she says. "Not 'What color was Jim's hair?' but, for example, what did the students think about the writing style?"