In Salt Lake, security too is Olympian
Safety effort is biggest ever, but attorney general points to gaps still to be filled.
SALT LAKE CITY
Since Sept. 11, it has become clear that the success or failure of the XIX Olympic Winter Games will be determined not on the slopes or the ice, but on the fifth floor of this unremarkable brick building down a Salt Lake side street.Skip to next paragraph
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It is here, in a white-walled room pinned with maps, blinking with monitors, and filled with the hum of dozens of computers, that some 60 agencies - from the FBI to the local fire department - will seek to thwart any act of terror. The undertaking is enormous: patrolling 20 venues spread over 900 square miles that range from arctic mountainsides to rock-and-roll sound stages.
There will be snipers and ski patrols, helicopters and "hazmat" teams. Metal detectors will arc around the entrance to every event. Stockpiles of antibiotics will be at the ready. By some measures, it is the single largest security operation in American history - and perhaps a glimpse of the new standard of security in a post-Sept. 11 world.
"The closest thing to this was the Olympics in Atlanta, and they've doubled that effort," says Ernest Lorelli, a security expert in Las Vegas, Nev. "They're doing everything possible, given the limitations of manpower and technology."
In all, some 16,000 federal agents, law-enforcement officials, military personnel, and Olympic security guards are assigned to these Games - outnumbering athletes 6 to 1. The security bill alone is expected to reach $310 million, with the federal government paying $240 million - more than double what it paid for safety in Atlanta.
Yet just this week, United States Attorney General John Ashcroft expressed concerns about the security preparations, especially in areas where people might congregate outside official venues - places like Centennial Park in Atlanta, where a bomb exploded during the 1996 Games. According to reports, Mr. Ashcroft is sending 50 more agents to help secure such areas.
Indeed, while the Secret Service has been called in to monitor every Olympic site - from the cross-country course to the medals plaza - federal agencies have not spread a similar security net over the broader community. Some of that is inevitable. The federal government doesn't have the money, the manpower, or the support to turn Salt Lake into a walled citadel for 17 days, starting next Friday. It must also rely on local businesses and law enforcement.
For their part, local businesses have taken steps of their own. Some have bought machines to scan the mail for anthrax, several hotels are requiring all guests and employees to carry ID badges, and one pub near the medals plaza has already conducted emergency-response exercises.
The city's most prominent employer, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is asking all workers to leave by 3 p.m. so it can lock down its administration buildings by early afternoon - when the biggest crowds are expected. In addition, the gates to its famous six-spired temple will be permanently locked, and every entrance to the two-block Temple Square area will be guarded by metal detectors.