The spritely Australian teenager with the awesome ground strokes astounded the world in 1971 by winning the women's championship at Wimbledon as a 19-year-old. She did it again in 1980 with a second Wimbledon title as the mother of a three-year-old girl.
Goolagong, who is part Wiradjuri Aborigine, grew up in the sun-baked town of Barellan, Australia. When her father, an auto mechanic and sheep shearer, found some old tennis balls in the back of a used car he'd bought, the young Goolagong found her calling. She was later "discovered" at a tennis clinic and groomed into a superstar.
Between 1974 and 1977, she won four Australian Open singles titles. In 1975, she married Roger Cawley, a British businessman. The next year, she made it to the finals of every event she entered.
Goolagong-Cawley retired in 1983. She lived in the United States until 1991, then returned to Australia. Her autobiography appeared in 1993.
She has been a consultant to the Australian Sports Commission's indigenous-sports program and involved in other efforts to help Aborigines and children living in the outback. She has competed on the Virginia Slims Legends tennis tour since 1997.
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