Asian Americans Forge Larger Political Role
Despite bitter 'donorgate' episode, an ethnic group flexes unprecedented muscle.
For Asian Americans, the campaign-finance scandal that has bubbled for 18 months and is nearing at least partial closure in the United States Senate has been one of the most bitter episodes of the post-World-War-II era.Skip to next paragraph
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The almost daily drumbeat of headlines linking names like Huang, Sioeng, Chung, and Trie to charges of subversion and spying was grave and deeply distressing. Practically overnight, "we went from invisible to infamous," says Frank Wu, a professor at Howard University School of Law in Washington.
It's no wonder many Asian-American leaders predicted their community would retreat from politics, an arena where many felt increasingly perceived as suspicious outsiders.
Yet as the 1998 campaign season begins in earnest, that prediction looks emphatically wrong. Instead, the community is flexing unprecedented political muscle, offering candidates for some of the highest offices sought in years, and having record success with voter-registration drives.
The reasons are many. To some extent, the scandal has galvanized rather than intimidated. Also, longer-term forces that brought strong gains for Asian Americans in 1996 just as the scandal erupted have overpowered the funding controversy. For instance, the increased naturalization of Asian immigrants in response to welfare reform generated a larger pool of eligible voters.
But perhaps most telling is the mood of Asian Americans themselves.
L. Ling-chi Wang was active in building Asian political involvement through the 1970s. But a decade later, the chairman of the University of California at Berkeley's Ethnic Studies Department readily admits he was "disgusted and turned off," in part by the corrupting influence of money in politics. But with the campaign-finance scandal as a trigger, Mr. Wang has reengaged.
"I just felt Asian Americans were getting a bum rap," he said over a bowl of soup near his campus office. Wang has begun his own crusade for change, founding the Asian Americans for Campaign Finance Reform. No starry-eyed novice, he looks as his community and says, "I've never felt so optimistic."
Across the bay in San Francisco, a city with the largest concentration of Asian Americans in the country, a remarkable election victory took place last November, one that fueled Wang's optimism and blew a major hole in the theory that Asian Americans were retreating from civic affairs.
Two Chinese women, former housewives, launched a grass-roots campaign to build a new stretch of downtown freeway. No way, said the city's mayor and Democratic Party machine and powerful activists. But the Asian-American community rallied behind the campaign, voted at much higher rates than other groups, and achieved a stunning victory.
"Asians are redefining how politics work in this most liberal and most Democratic of American cities," says David Lee, whose Chinese American Voters Education Committee was instrumental in registering a record number of Asian Americans.
Mr. Lee says the finance scandal has only reinforced Asian Americans' independence from the major political parties and their tendency toward "entrepreneurial politics," where issues, candidates, and ethnic loyalty have stronger pull.