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Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.
Eastman Kodak introduces celluloid as a flexible film base.
Lumiere Brothers' first public film showing in Paris.
Koster and Bial's Music Hall in New York is site of first public motion-
picture showing in US.
Georges Melies directs "A Trip to the Moon," one of the first special-effects films.
Edwin S. Porter directs "The Great Train Robbery," an early prototype for the classic American narrative.
Mary Pickford's curls inspire the "movie look."
First major Hollywood studio, Universal, formed by Carle Laemmle.
"Making a Living" is the first film with Charlie Chaplin.
"Birth of a Nation," the controversial landmark film by D.W. Griffith, opens. The Mutual Film Company vs. Ohio Censors case establishes that films are not covered by free-speech amendment.
"Intolerance," by D.W. Griffith, is the most expensive film production to date.
United Artists formed by Griffith, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin.
Will Hays becomes the first president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association of America (known as the Hays office).
Warner Bros. founded.
Walt Disney Company formed.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio formed. Columbia Pictures founded.
Sergei Eisenstein directs the "The Battleship Potemkin,"
taking editing montage to new heights.
"The Jazz Singer" with Al Jolsen is the first talkie. Hays office establishes the Copyright Protection Bureau. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences formed as a company union. First Academy Awards held.
RKO Pictures founded.
Motion Picture Production Code set up as self-regulating code.
Full-color Technicolor process introduced in Walt Disney's "Flowers and Trees." "Grand Hotel" is the first multistar blockbuster.
Fox signs Shirley Temple, age 5.
Mandatory motion- picture production code established.
First animated feature, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs."
"Gone With the Wind" is released. Hattie McDaniel is first black performer to win an Academy Award. "The Wizard of Oz" opens with Judy Garland. First Cannes film festival held.