1877

Thomas Edison invents the phonograph.

1889

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Eastman Kodak introduces celluloid as a flexible film base.

1895

Lumiere Brothers' first public film showing in Paris.

1896

Koster and Bial's Music Hall in New York is site of first public motion-

picture showing in US.

1902

Georges Melies directs "A Trip to the Moon," one of the first special-effects films.

1903

Edwin S. Porter directs "The Great Train Robbery," an early prototype for the classic American narrative.

1910

Mary Pickford's curls inspire the "movie look."

1912

First major Hollywood studio, Universal, formed by Carle Laemmle.

1914

"Making a Living" is the first film with Charlie Chaplin.

1915

"Birth of a Nation," the controversial landmark film by D.W. Griffith, opens. The Mutual Film Company vs. Ohio Censors case establishes that films are not covered by free-speech amendment.

1916

"Intolerance," by D.W. Griffith, is the most expensive film production to date.

1919

United Artists formed by Griffith, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin.

1922

Will Hays becomes the first president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association of America (known as the Hays office).

1923

Warner Bros. founded.

Walt Disney Company formed.

1924

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio formed. Columbia Pictures founded.

1925

Sergei Eisenstein directs the "The Battleship Potemkin,"

taking editing montage to new heights.

1927

"The Jazz Singer" with Al Jolsen is the first talkie. Hays office establishes the Copyright Protection Bureau. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences formed as a company union. First Academy Awards held.

1929

RKO Pictures founded.

1930

Motion Picture Production Code set up as self-regulating code.

1932

Full-color Technicolor process introduced in Walt Disney's "Flowers and Trees." "Grand Hotel" is the first multistar blockbuster.

1933

Fox signs Shirley Temple, age 5.

1934

Mandatory motion- picture production code established.

1937

First animated feature, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs."

1939

"Gone With the Wind" is released. Hattie McDaniel is first black performer to win an Academy Award. "The Wizard of Oz" opens with Judy Garland. First Cannes film festival held.

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