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Polish President Walesa told the left-dominated parliament to dissolve itself, or said he would do it. Legislators countered that such a move would be illegal. Last week, Walesa sent letters to the heads of both chambers of parliament, asking their opinion about the legality of his steps. Parliament passed a resolution last weekend, saying it would take Walesa before the state tribunal, a special court that rules on the constitutionality of politicians' actions. Walesa has accused parliament of stalling on economic reforms and remaining passive in the face of corruption and inefficiency. (Story, Page 1.)
Amid a heavy rocket and artillery barrage on southern parts of Grozny, thousands of Chechen families fled to neighboring Ingushetia. The approximately 50,000 people remaining in Grozny (out of a prewar population of about 400,000) have no water, heat, or safe way to get food, aid workers said. The refugees in Ingushetia are straining the already overburdened economy there. Ironically, the Russian government gives each refugee free housing, blankets, some food, and $5.
Mediators suspended talks between Ecuador and Peru in Rio de Janeiro, after Ecuador requested more time to study a cease-fire proposal. The agreement calls for an immediate end to hostilities, demobilization of troops, and demilitarization of the disputed region. Ecuadoran President Duran-Ballen said talks would continue, probably in Brasilia, but he did not reveal a starting date. After the talks brokedown, Peruvian President Fujimori vowed to enforce his country's claim to the disputed border area.
Two intersecting routes across the Sarajevo airport were opened, allowing hundreds of Sarajevans to travel outside their besieged city. The belated opening was part of a truce brokered by Jimmy Carter and signed by the Bosnian government and Bosnian Serbs in December. Some Serb civilians traveled directly between the Serb-held suburbs of Lukavica and Ilidza, saving them about 30 miles around the city. A similar understanding fell apart last month, and officials acknowledge that this accord is tenuous.
Pakastani youths burned tires and set a bus on fire after a weekend of sectarian violence in Karachi. Prime Minister Bhutto implied that India was behind the killings but offered no proof.
The largest evacuation in Dutch history ended when authorities said centuries-old dikes would hold and residents could go home. About 70,000 people had already returned home, and 250,000 more followed once authorities gave them the green light. Meanwhile, as much of northern Europe cleaned up after last week's floods, the southern stretches of Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, and Greece continued to parch in an expensive drought. In Spain, reservoirs are 10 percent full, more than 2 million people face daily water restrictions, and the drought is threatening harvests.
Agricultural advances will help the world feed a billion more people in 1995 than 20 years ago, according to a new UN analysis of world agriculture. The challenge for the next two decades, the UN says, is to feed yet a billion more. UN agencies estimate that 700 million people are still going hungry.
China and the US took steps toward resuming talks on intellectual property piracy. The day before, China's foreign trade minister said Chinese exporters could find "countless" other markets if sanctions kept them from US markets. Some US sources predicted that the sides would begin tackling the multibillion-dollar feud as early as next week. Washington and Beijing ordered sanctions last weekend but gave each other a 22-day grace period for further talks. The US
Republicans attacked President Clinton's budget proposalfor not making cuts in fast-growing social-service programs. Clinton's $1.61 trillion plan trims back hundreds of government programs and includes $63 billion in tax cuts. But it leaves Medicare, Medicaid, farm subsidies, and other benefit programs untouched, meaning the deficit would continue at around $200 billion annually for the rest of the decade. GOP leaders, who want a balanced budget by 2002, say entitlement programs will have to be reduced. Labor Secretary Reich said on ABC's "Good Morning America" that it was too early to discuss whether Clinton would accept further public-spending cuts under Republican pressure. (Story, Page 1.)