EUROPE UPDATE

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Denmark plans second referendum on unity

Denmark wants substantial additions to the Maastricht Treaty on European economic, political, and monetary union, Prime Minister Poul Schlueter said Sept. 22.

He told a news conference he would present Denmark's wishes when he meets British Prime Minister John Major in London Sept. 30. Britain holds the rotating European Community presidency.

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Mr. Schlueter said Denmark will hold a second referendum on the Maastricht Treaty, which Danish voters rejected by a narrow margin in June. He said the treaty would not go into effect before the referendum, which would be held sometime in mid-1993.

The Danish rejection of the treaty threw the accord into doubt in June. Voters were concerned about losing power to EC bureaucrats in Brussels.

"As a special Danish wish, I can say that we don't want to be tied to the European Monetary Union's third phase," Schlueter said. He refused to elaborate, but the third phase focuses on a single European currency.

During the Danish referendum campaign, voters were skeptical about a common defense policy within the EC. Schlueter refused to comment on whether Denmark, a member of NATO, would want exemptions on that issue in the treaty.

Schlueter stressed that the government "doesn't want to renegotiate the treaty, but rediscuss it." Germany sets date to begin treaty ratification

German Chancellor Helmut Kohl's ruling coalition plans to bring the Maastricht Treaty before parliament on Oct. 8 and wants to complete ratification by the end of the year, party officials said Sept. 22.

Leaders from Mr. Kohl's center-right coalition agreed to this schedule despite calls from politicians to renegotiate the treaty on European union after French voters narrowly approved it in a referendum Sept. 20.

Kohl met with French leader Francois Mitterrand Sept. 22, to discuss implications of the marginal French vote. Hopes dimmed for early restart to Sarajevo airlift

Hopes for an immediate resumption of relief flights to Sarajevo dimmed Sept. 22 with news that three key governments involved wanted extra protection measures before sending their planes to the besieged capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Ron Redmond, a spokesman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, said the agency was awaiting word from the United States, Britain, and France on whether they were willing to relaunch the flights. But he said Germany, Canada, and Norway had told the UN agency that they wanted to fit electronic anti-missile devices to aircraft before taking part. He said this was expected to take one or two weeks.

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata gave governments until Monday to say whether they were satisfied with new safety assurances from the three warring factions in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The airlift was suspended Sept. 3 after an Italian plane was shot down, killing its four crew members. Russia warns Estonia on Russian minority

The Russian government, in a first reaction to elections in Estonia, warned Sept. 22 it would stop at nothing to protect the Baltic state's Russian minority.

Spokesman Gennady Shipitko, quoted by the Itar-Tass news agency, said leaders had debated the Sept. 20 election, from which the Russian third of the population was largely debarred.

Estonian leaders imposed tough citizenship conditions, including the ability to speak the Estonian language, for the presidential and parliamentary elections. This excluded most of the 475,000 Russian residents who had migrated to Estonia since 1940.

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