SOMALIA CHRONOLOGY

July 1, 1960: Somali people, ruled since late 1800s by Britain and Italy, gain independence and unification.Oct. 21, 1969: Maj. Gen. Mohamed Siad Barre takes power in a bloodless coup. Soviet Union backs reorganization of state into a "scientific socialist" nation. July 1977: Somali Army goes to war in the Ogaden desert region of Ethiopia. Nov. 13: Somalia breaks with Soviet Union. March 1978: Somalis retreat before counteroffensive of Soviet-backed Ethiopian forces. April 1981: Rebel Somali National Movement (SNM) launched in Northeast. May 1987: Government announces emergency in 12 drought-affected areas. Aug. 7, 1990: SNM, United Somali Congress (USC), and Somali Patriotic Movement form alliance. Dec. 23: Rebel USC closes in on Mogadishu. Heavy fighting reported on city outskirts. Jan. 27, 1991: Siad Barre flees capital. Jan. 29: USC proclaims interim president; choice is protested by other rebel factions; inter-tribal fighting begins. May 18: SNM proclaims independent Somaliland Republic in northern Somalia. May 28: Ethiopian rebels seize their capital, disrupting food relief to Somali refugees. July 15: Peace talks aimed at ending Somali factional strife begin in Djibouti.

Share this story:

We want to hear, did we miss an angle we should have covered? Should we come back to this topic? Or just give us a rating for this story. We want to hear from you.

Loading...

Loading...

Loading...

Save for later

Save
Cancel

Saved ( of items)

This item has been saved to read later from any device.
Access saved items through your user name at the top of the page.

View Saved Items

OK

Failed to save

You reached the limit of 20 saved items.
Please visit following link to manage you saved items.

View Saved Items

OK

Failed to save

You have already saved this item.

View Saved Items

OK