FRIDAY The Gospel at Colonus (PBS, 9-10:30 p.m.): ``Great Performances'' presents an original score by Bob Telson interpreting the Oedipus story in black gospel tradition.
About Tap (PBS, 10:30-11 p.m.): Dancer Gregory Hines and other tap artists explore the art of tap-dancing. SATURDAY
Newton's Apple (PBS, 7:30-8 p.m.): Talking chimps, and other important scientific information for all the family, kids especially. SUNDAY
Owl-TV (PBS, 5-5:30 p.m.): Science-oriented series, aimed at children 7 to 11, features kids and wildlife, etc.
One Man's Island (PBS, 8-9 p.m.): ``Nature'' follows artist-naturalist Keith Brockie, who spent a year on the Isle of May, off Scotland.
Silkscreen (PBS, 10-11 p.m.): Premi`ere of three-part series of films and plays by Asian-Americans. MONDAY
An Early Frost (NBC, 9-11 p.m.): The first made-for-TV movie that dramatizes an AIDS case.
Learning and Memory (PBS, 9-10 p.m.): Repeat of fascinating episode of ``The Brain.''
The Unknown Soldier (PBS, 10-11 p.m.): Commemorates the 40th anniversary of the end of World War II, focusing on the life stories of six American servicemen who never returned. TUESDAY
Child Survival: The Silent Emergency (PBS, 8-9 p.m.): ``Nova'' reports on the efforts of the United Nations Children's Fund to save lives of children who die needlessly.
Wild Horses (CBS, 9-11 p.m.): In today's Wyoming, a vestigial rodeo champ played by Kenny Rogers tries to separate the good guys from the bad guys.
Goodbye War (PBS, 9-10 p.m.): Seventh episode in Gwynne Dyer's antiwar ``War'' series: why nations fight and why there is no lasting peace.
Shielding America: Can `Star Wars' Make Us Safe? (PBS, 10-11 p.m.): In-depth look at US military policies beginning with nuclear era. Good preparation for Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting. WEDNESDAY
Dynasty (ABC, 9-11 p.m.): All-star cast prepares spinoff for the new ``Dynasty II: The Colbys,'' which premi`eres next week. That's a lot of ``Dynasty.''
The Mekong (PBS, 8-9 p.m.): Second in superbly adventurous ``River Journeys'' series, this one with famous Vietnam historian William Shawcross.
The Times of Harvey Milk (PBS, 9-10:30 p.m.): ``Non-Fiction Television'' presents Academy Award-winning documentary about the assassination of a homosexual official in San Francisco. THURSDAY
Aaron Copland's 85th Birthday Celebration (PBS, 8-10 p.m.): ``Live from Lincoln Center,'' with Zubin Mehta and New York Philharmonic, celebrates birthday of the composer.
The Shadow Chasers (ABC, 8-10 p.m.): New series about a tabloid reporter and an anthropologist who investigate unnatural phenomena. Will be regular series in future weeks, for a while. ABC will try anything against ``The Cosby Show'' on NBC.
Please check local listings, since, especially in the case of PBS, local option sometimes results in different dates and times.