US adopts wait-and-see attitude on South Africa reform. Rev. Sullivan would give S. Africa 19 more months to change its tune
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South Africa should drop apartheid as its official policy for its peoples, whites, Coloreds (those of mixed race), and Asians. Give each South African citizenship, ``one man, one vote,'' regardless of race.Skip to next paragraph
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The United Nations, the United States, and all nations of the world should apply sanctions to South Africa. This must be a unified pressure on that nation, or it will not divest itself of its apartheid policy.
South Africa must permit its blacks to live and work where they choose.
``Let the mainstream of America speak out,'' Dr. Sullivan says. ``Let South Africa know that we mean business when we tell the world we stand against apartheid. Not until then will any South African government do anything about the nation's racist practices.
``Money still talks, and American disinvestment can clip the wings of apartheid.'' He said he did not think that sanctions and divestiture would turn South Africa to communism.
Dr. Sullivan was in Worcester recently to speak on South Africa at Clark University and to help the Worcester Opportunities Industrialization Center celebrate its 10th anniversary. The OIC is a program founded by Dr. Sullivan as an outreach project at his church, the Mount Zion Baptist of Philadelphia, to train community people for jobs and also for proper decorum after employment. It has become an international movement.
Asked about OIC as a tool in South Africa, Dr. Sullivan said:
``This type of program -- training people to do work that leads to jobs and preparing them for promotions -- is needed to help South African blacks to meet standards required by industry.'' Sullivan Principles: what they are designed to do
The six original Sullivan Principles were adopted May 7, 1977, by officials of 19 American corporations operating in South Africa, at a meeting with the Rev. Leon H. Sullivan at his church, Zion Baptist in Philadelphia.
Today, this number has increased to 128 of the 350 American companies doing business in South Africa. They employ 66,000 workers, 1.1 percent of South Africa's work force.
The six original principles asked companies to:
1. Desegregate all eating, rest room, and work facilities.
2. Operate a fair-employment-practices program.
3. Provide equal pay for all employees regardless of race.
4. Develop training programs to prepare nonwhites for upgrading.
5. Promote more nonwhites to managerial and supervisory positions.
6. Provide off-the-job fringe benefits such as better housing, transportation, education, recreation, and health services.
It was recently estimated that more than 90 percent of these firms have put these principles into practice.
The four new principles adopted last December ask American companies to promote more political rights for blacks. They ask firms to:
1. Give black businesses freedom to locate in urban areas of their choice.
2. Encourage South African firms to adhere to the Sullivan Principles.
3. Give blacks freedom to move to areas where jobs are available.
4. Seek the end of legal apartheid.