1984 World News in Review
JANUARY * South African troops drove back SWAPO guerrillas during a major offensive into Angola Dec. 6-Jan. 5. The UN Security Council condemned the drive Jan. 6. Two days later, South Africa began a partial withdrawal of its troops.Skip to next paragraph
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* Labor unrest swept across France Jan. 1-31 as auto workers, farmers, and shipbuilders struck to protest government austerity measures.
* Tamil terrorists and hunger strikers demanded Tamil autonomy in Sri Lanka as Sinhalese-Tamil amity talks opened Jan. 10.
* Chad's warring factions fought on. The Organization of African Unity abandoned efforts to hold peace talks between the factions Jan. 13. But French Foreign Minister Claude Cheysson began a peace mission to North Africa Jan. 31 after Chad's Libyan-backed insurgents downed a French jet Jan. 25. FEBRUARY
* The Lebanese government almost collapsed Feb. 5-15 as Muslim militiamen expanded their control over Beirut and Lebanese President Amin Gemayel's Cabinet resigned. Britain withdrew its peace-keeping forces and US warships began shelling Syrian-held positions Feb. 8. President Gemayel agreed Feb. 15 to a Saudi Arabian peace plan that included the renunciation of Lebanon's 1983 troop withdrawal accord with Israel. The US marines began their withdrawal to ships offshore Feb. 17 and Italy removed its troops Feb. 20.
* Sikh-Hindu violence erupted anew Feb. 8-22 in India's Punjab.
* Soviet leader Yuri Andropov died Feb. 9.
* Iran launched a ground offensive and Iraq stepped up attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf Feb. 11-16.
* Konstantin Chernenko became general secretary of the USSR Feb. 13. He became president of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet April 14.
* French labor unrest grew Feb. 16-22 as coal miners protested job cuts and protesting truckers blockaded roadways.
* Roman Catholicism lost its status as Italy's state religion when Italy and the Vatican signed a concordat Feb. 18.
* Pierre Trudeau announced Feb 29 that he would resign after more than 15 years as Canada's prime minister. He was replaced as prime minister June 30 by John Turner. MARCH
* The removal of crucifixes from their classrooms prompted Polish college students to stage a sit-in March 7. A compromise that allowed crucifixes to be displayed in school dormitories and libraries was reached April 6.
* British coal miners started March 12 what has become the longest strike in the history of British industrial relations. The strike was called to protest the National Coal Board's plan to close 20 unprofitable mines and to lay off 20, 000 of Britain's 180,000 miners.
* Leaders of Lebanon's warring factions met in Lausanne, Switzerland, for reconciliation talks March 12-20. They called a nationwide cease-fire March 13 but did not reach an accord.
* Mozambique and South Africa signed a nonaggression pact on March 16 after a month of talks. APRIL
* The Punjab was declared ''dangerously disturbed'' by the Indian government April 3. Two days later, the government announced a security measure that provided for detention without trial.
* Mikhail Gorbachev rose April 14 to a key Soviet foreign affairs post once held by Chernenko.
* A British policewoman was killed April 17 by an unknown gunman who fired from the Libyan embassy in London. Britain broke diplomatic relations with Libya and British police began searching the evacuated embassy April 30.
* Britain would give up its role in Hong Kong when its lease on most of the territory expires in 1997, British Foreign Secretary Geoffrey Howe announced April 20.
* Massive demonstrations against US missile deployments occurred throughout Western Europe April 20-23. Some 200,000 West Germans participated. A week earlier, 250,000 Australians held demonstrations for nuclear disarmament.