Why the bulls leaped for the bandwagon
It started two weeks ago in a paneled committee room in Washington with a few encouraging words by Federal Reserve chief Paul Volcker. Then came the economic data. Then a stronger bond market. Then, boom!Skip to next paragraph
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Five points, 19 points, 31 points, 36 points were strapped onto the Dow Jones industrial average last week like Olympic gold getting hung around the necks of American athletes.
If, amid the confetti and the bubbling optimism, you could distill the ''conventional wisdom'' of the more bullish investors and advisers over the past two weeks, it would go as follows:
Economy strong - but not too strong. Little pressure on wages and prices, so little worry about inflation. Plus it's late in the recovery, so no good reason for interest rates to rise. Government bond prices peaking. Hmmmm. Only place for real appreciation is stocks. Which stocks? Something good: blue chips, interest-sensitive stocks. As these get pricey, maybe something riskier ... maybe anything....
Such is the ''groupthink'' that appears to have spurred the stock market in recent days. The weekend will have passed by the time you read this. That may have brought enough sober reflection among investors to cause them to begin cooling somewhat and asking why, in fact, the market should go much higher - perhaps even prompting them to take some profits while the going is good.
Nevertheless, a sea change of thinking appears to have occurred, and it will take a good deal of naysaying and of negative economic data (negative, at least, to investors) to turn the market bearish once again. Depending on whom you listen to, this is either a resumption of the August 1982 bull market, the much-heralded summer rally, an election-year rally - or a flash in the pan.
For the record: The Dow Jones industrial average had a banner week, closing Friday at 1,202.08, up a record 87.46 points since July 27. Volume on Thursday and again on Friday (a record 273 million shares) indicated heavy participation in the rally by large institutional investors, such as pension and mutual funds. Non-blue chips moved up as well, indicating the rally was broadly based.
Technical analyst Larry Wachtel of the Prudential-Bache brokerage points out that it is folly to try to dissect intellectually what has been happening on the Street.
''The market is an emotional caldron,'' he contends. ''The guy with the $5 billion portfolio is as emotional as the guy on the street. He sees his brethren getting aboard, and if he's going to be left in the dust he's got to have very impressive reasons why.''
Although he refers to the wild spree - especially the Friday version - as ''absurd emotional buying,'' he nevertheless says Prudential-Bache ''can't get in the way of a moving freight train'' and so it is bullish as well.
David M. Kalman, a technical analyst with W. H. Newbold's Son & Co. of Philadelphia, had been among several market-watchers who predicted the rally. He expects it to continue for 12 to 14 weeks because of ''heavy buying pressure from institutional portfolio managers whose performances have been disappointing over the past six months.''